Internet law session 1

Undercover agents infiltrate a drug kingpin's operation by posing as a couple at the campground where he spends his weekends. Inspired by real events. After embarking on their undercover assignment, agents Bob and Kim clash over how to initiate contact with their target and new neighbor, Ferry Bouman. Attempts to make inroads with Ferry hit a roadblock when Bob antagonizes a member of his crew and a secondary operation spins out of control.

When Bob's temper endangers the mission, he works to spin the situation to his advantage. Kim reaches out to Danielle over a personal matter. Trust issues crop up everywhere as John questions Ferry's faith in Bob, Ferry worries about Jurgen's loyalty, and Bob lets his wife down yet again. Bob sets out to pick up Ferry's merchandise but runs into trouble along the way. Back home, his concerned colleagues debate over whether to intervene.

A drug deal with a new associate leaves Ferry and John on edge. Bob and Kim feel the effects of their forced closeness. Danielle breaks into her stash. Ferry's close call sends John and Bob hunting for the person responsible.

Meanwhile, Kim toys with Danielle's affections to help the case. The tension between Bob and John comes to a head during a drug negotiation in France disguised as a couples' getaway. Kim ups the ante with Danielle. Unable to let the case go, Bob figures out another way to lure Ferry, but Kim feels uneasy once the targets are identified. Amid what should be a happy occasion, Bob sets a drug buy in motion with Ferry's blessing. Back at the campsite, Danielle gets a bad feeling about Kim.

Call Netflix Netflix. Watch all you want for free. Among the 10 titles from nine countries chosen to compete in the Canneseries TV festival.Internet law, internet policy, IT and telecoms law are fast-changing areas of legal specialisation that have a large international reach and strong employment prospects.

You'll gain the skills and expertise required to become an expert in reguation of the internet and the information economy, with a focused understanding of digital policy in developed and emerging markets. The LLM is completed fully online via part-time study giving you the flexibility to gain a Masters-level qualification while continuing to work.

The assignment topics were interesting. Interactive lectures are also important. The lecturers were well-prepared and always willing to answer questions and give incentives and guidelines. We'll be hosting a series of webinars and live chat sessions with our Schools throughout June and July.

The programme is delivered fully online via Myplace, our virtual learning environment. You'll complete six classes — the class in legal research is compulsory and the remainder are chosen from a selected list or from other Law School Masters programmes.

Classes will be taught through weekly discussion forums and podcasts Legal Research only. The course structure and class choices are almost identical for both pathways; for the IT and Telecommunications Law pathway, it is necessary to take the class Telecommunication Law and also to write a dissertation a telecoms-related subject. Satisfactory completion of three classess qualifies you for the PgCert. If you complete six classes you'll gain the award of PgDip.

Internet Law: Everything You Need to Know

To qualify for the LLM, you must submit a dissertation of 15, words on an approved topic. This offers general assistance for postgraduate legal study and to better equip you for other modules in your Masters degree and postgraduate diploma.

It covers legal research and the use of digital library resources, legal writing as well as completing a dissertation. The following classes are also available. The constraints on contracting in an online environment are central to most e-commerce activities and are therefore of great importance to the growth of e-commerce.

This class familiarises you with telecommunications law in its national, European and international contexts. The course begins with an overview of the technical and historical development of telecommunications infrastructure, as well as expanding upon the principles of deregulation, market liberalisation and economic policy that led to the current market structure.

This module introduces you to the core ideas and legal regimes governing privacy and data protection online, as well as looking at the global issues concerning transnational data flows. It covers regulation of spam, cookies and spyware; targeted advertising; and other venues for commercial collection of data. The majority of your work is conducted on a self-study basis using the course materials provided.

This includes:.Executive sessions Those bodies or agencies falling within this subchapter may hold executive sessions subject to the following conditions. Not to defeat purposes of subchapter.

An executive session may not be used to defeat the purposes of this subchapter as stated in section Final approval of certain items prohibited.

An ordinance, order, rule, resolution, regulation, contract, appointment or other official action may not be finally approved at an executive session. Procedure for calling of executive session. Motion contents. A motion to go into executive session must indicate the precise nature of the business of the executive session and include a citation of one or more sources of statutory or other authority that permits an executive session for that business.

Failure to state all authorities justifying the executive session does not constitute a violation of this subchapter if one or more of the authorities are accurately cited in the motion. An inaccurate citation of authority for an executive session does not violate this subchapter if valid authority that permits the executive session exists and the failure to cite the valid authority was inadvertent.

Matters not contained in motion prohibited. Matters other than those identified in the motion to go into executive session may not be considered in that particular executive session.

Permitted deliberation. Deliberations on only the following matters may be conducted during an executive session:. A request, if made to the agency, must be honored; and. Discussion of labor contracts and proposals and meetings between a public agency and its negotiators. The parties must be named before the body or agency may go into executive session. Consultations between municipal officers and a code enforcement officer representing the municipality pursuant to Title A, sectionsubsection 1, paragraph C in the prosecution of an enforcement matter pending in District Court when the consultation relates to that pending enforcement matter.

PLc. The Revisor's Office cannot provide legal advice or interpretation of Maine law to the public. If you need legal advice, please consult a qualified attorney. Maine Government.Russia's "sovereign internet" law, which President Vladimir Putin signed back in May, has taken effect on November 1st.

As the BBC explains, it gives the country's government power to block access to content whether from within or from outside Russia "in an emergency.

The facts about Section 230, the internet speech law Trump wants to change

The government's official reason for signing the bill into law is that it will prevent cyberattacks and will allow Russia to keep its internet functioning in case the West cuts the country off from the world wide web. However, the deep packet inspection equipment that internet providers will be required to install under the law can both track and reroute traffic, as well as filter content.

According to Human Rights Watchthat equipment will allow Roskomnadzor, Russia's telecommunications watchdog, to block access to content that the government deems a threat anytime it wants.

Further, it gives the government a legal basis for mass surveillance. This jeopardizes the right of people in Russia to free speech and freedom of information online. NPR notes, though, that experts believe the law will be technically difficult to enforce, no matter what the government's true intentions are.

He also believes it won't be easy getting all internet service providers to install and deploy tracking software, as well as to make sure they're all filtering the same content. Due to those difficulties, he says it's unclear how the law will change the way Russians use the internet. It could lead to the "extrajudicial blocking of speech and information without transparency," as Human Rights Watch warns, or it could cause no change at all. Buyer's Guide.

Log in. Sign up. Zoom fixed a vanity URL issue that could have led to phishing attacks. Latest in Gear. Image credit:. Sponsored Links. HRW deputy Europe and Central Asia director Rachel Denber said in a statement: "Now the government can directly censor content or even turn Russia's internet into a closed system without telling the public what they are doing or why. In this article: gearRussiasecuritysovereign internet.

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Apple fans weigh in with their Watch Series 5 reviews. From around the web. Page 1 Page 1 ear icon eye icon Fill 23 text file vr.Merrit Kennedy. Demonstrators protest at a Free Internet rally in Moscow in March. A new law takes effect on Friday that could restrict Internet access. A Russian law has taken effect that, in theory, would allow the Russian government to cut off the country's Internet from the rest of the world.

The "sovereign Internet law," as the government calls it, greatly enhances the Kremlin's control over the Web. It was passed earlier this year and allows Russia's government to cut off the Internet completely or from traffic outside Russia "in an emergency," as the BBC reported. But some of the applications could be more subtle, like the ability to block a single post. It requires Internet service providers to install software that can "track, filter, and reroute internet traffic," as Human Rights Watch stated.

Such technology allows the state telecommunications watchdog "to independently and extrajudicially block access to content that the government deems a threat. The equipment would conduct what's known as "deep packet inspection," an advanced way to filter network traffic. Such widespread control is alarming to human rights groups, which fear it could be used to silence dissent.

The Russian government has justified the law by saying it is needed to prevent U. And, as the BBC reported, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov has rejected the idea the law could be used to cut off Russia from the rest of the world: "No-one is suggesting cutting the Internet. Regardless of what the government intends, some experts think it would be technically difficult for Russia to actually close its network if it wanted to, because of the sheer number of its international connections.

Many of them are international network providers, he says, so "basically it's challenging — if not impossible, I think — to completely isolate the Russian Internet. Belson says that the requirement for Internet service providers to install tracking software will very likely also be challenging in practice.

He adds that it will be difficult to get hundreds of providers to deploy it and hard to coordinate that they're all filtering the same content. And blocking certain content could have "collateral damage" — effects that the government hasn't foreseen. And how will this law ultimately change how Russians use the Internet? Internet freedom has been on the decline in Russia for at least six years, according to Freedom House.

Last year the government tried to block the messaging app Telegram and cracked down on virtual private networks, which encrypt Internet traffic. In a previous version of this story, we misquoted David Belson of the Internet Society as saying that he found hundreds of Internet exchange points in Russia. Belson actually said he has found dozens of exchange points.

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NPR Shop. Rights groups are highly critical, and Internet experts say it could be difficult to actually implement. Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email. November 1, PM ET. Enlarge this image.

Correction Nov.

internet law session 1

Russia Human Rights Internet.A Romanian immigrant is being held as a psychological prisoner by her abusive employer, and his wife, also traumatized by years of abuse, is willing to commit murder to protect her husband. A beloved neighborhood piano teacher is suspected of being a sexual predator who takes advantage of his innocent young students.

A female television news reporter decides to go public with her story when she attacked and raped by two men, but the decision proves to be fatal.

The detectives search for a subway rapist who manages to attack women in full view of other passengers. An elderly woman dies due to a robbery and sexual assault, but the detectives in the Special Victims Unit are surprised to learn that the rape was committed after the robbery — by someone else.

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internet law session 1

By using the site, you consent to these cookies. For more information on cookies including how to manage your consent visit our cookie policy.On Thursday, President Trump signed an executive order targeting social media companies such as Twitter. What is Section ? How did Section become law? How has it worked in practice? What is this executive order trying to do? Why modify Section ? Can the president do that?

Section is a small piece of the Telecommunications Act that has, in many ways, created the internet we all use today. In effect, that means websites are not legally responsible for what other people post there.

Without Sectionany company operating a website could be sued over a statement posted by a user, and sued by any user whose post was deleted. Internet companies with many millions of users could ill afford to defend large numbers of such lawsuits, even if they won most of them.

There are some existing exceptions to those protections. Starting ina new law also exempted the facilitation of sex trafficking from Section protections. Section was considered a minor part of the Telecommunications Act of at the time that it passed — most of that legislation centered on questions of competition among telecom companies — and was intended to give legal cover to internet companies that wanted to stop users from posting pornography or racist screeds.

The entire internet at the time had fewer than 40 million users for context, Snapchat has million daily active users today, and Facebook has more than 2. An internet service provider called CompuServe placed no limits on what its users could post.

Offering a contrasting example, an online service called Prodigy actively tried to maintain a family-friendly website with active moderation. This time, the judge found Prodigy legally liable. Because the website exercised editorial control, went the ruling, it fell into the same category as a newspaper, making its owner responsible for everything on the site.

The result was a legal regime in which companies were punished for trying to actively remove pornography, violent language, hate speech and the like from their sites, and could reduce their liability by letting anything go.

Section was their solution. Even after its passage into law, Section could have resulted in a very different internet from the one we know today, said Jeff Kosseffprofessor of cybersecurity law at the U. He was arrested by an LAPD vice officer for selling a copy of a pulp novel, about a ruthless lesbian realtor, that was considered obscene under city and state law. There, the court decided that Smith was right, and could be found in violation of the law only if he failed to remove the book after being informed that it was illegal to be selling it.

In the years since, courts upheld that legal distinction between distributors such as bookstores and publishers such as newspapers. But the first case to test Section after its passage led to an even broader set of protections for websites.

A judge in the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that even being a distributor was just a special subset of being a publisher or speaker, and Section made clear that websites were neither. If the order is carried out the FCC has the right to refuseit could functionally give the agency the ability to strip Section protections from any website that moderates what users post, inviting individuals — or the government — to sue without such suits getting dismissed out of hand, as they are now.

The executive order came two days after Twitter added a disclaimer to two tweets from President Trump, saying that his claims about mail-in ballots leading to widespread voter fraud were false. Because they represent the speech of the company itself, Trump could sue Twitter for defamation if he so chose.

internet law session 1

An almost opposite strain of Section criticism has also arisen in recent years. This criticism argues that social media companies are not doing enough to control the conversation on their sites, allowing extremism and misinformation to spread unchecked. The first and second parts of the law are clearly not linked in the text, and have not been linked by legal rulings. The first part — the protection against liability — is a blanket statement, unconditionally applied.

Most lawsuits against websites for removing or leaving up user-generated content are simply thrown out because the first part of Section has been seen as cut and dried. The executive order gives the Commerce secretary and attorney general 30 days to request that the FCC make a rule to reflect the policy laid out in the executive order.

If the FCC takes up that request, a period of public notice and comment follows before the rule becomes final. Then, if the FCC chooses to exercise its new power to modify Section for some companies, that decision will probably be challenged in court.

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